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Perception vs Reality: What is the actual difference between them?

The subject of matter I am going to discuss is probably mostly used concept of psychology in our daily life situations. Somehow, nearly all of us are subject to misunderstanding by others and think that this is due to the wrong interpretations of them, not us. Actually, there is something we can do in order to prevent these occurrences. However, before going deeper in this issue, let`s find out what perception and reality indicate.
Perception is recognition and clarification of information obtained with the help of sensory organs. For instance, interview panel observes behaviors of applicant and perceives that he or she is a little bit defensive and not open to negative feedback. The perceptions  such as these create our own reality, but it can be far different from the actual reality. Imagine yourself as a person with full of life energy and commitment to the work you do; nevertheless, your colleagues do believe that you do not love your work and do not fully try to realize your poten…
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Suggestions on healthy lifestyle for mental development

Many of humans are concerned about their mental power and general psychological health. This is because some habits related to daily activities are causing developmental delays in the brain. This passage will inform you about the general concept of mental improvement as well as the recommendations to keep in mind in order to own much greater brain power.

Cognitive development has always been subject to scientific discussions in various communities. As a concept, it has historically been explained by dividing out humans` overall life into sections which produce more vivid pictures describing the stages of intellectual growth . Jean Piaget is a good example of scientists whose works are still in use of several branches including psychology and education. Having determined key assumptions before carrying out experiments, he concluded upon 4 important stages and attached distinctive characteristics for each of them. When analyzing his and other scientists` thoughts around this topic, I ul…

Dreamology

Dreams humans see during sleeps are always believed to be integral part of cognitive philosophy and neuroscience. By the same token, largest thinkers, such as Aristotle, Descartes and Plato, expressed controversial ideas surrounding dreams. In addition to the philosophical approach to this topic, there are neurological aspects needed to be clarified. In this post, I will summarize the main findings of both advanced areas.

Most referenced philosopher in terms of brain and human thoughts, Rene Descartes, had widely discussed dream argument. Briefly explaining, Dream argument draws attention to the similarities between dreams and actual life. This similarity leads to a popular question as a result of conclusions driven by dream argument: How can I know that I am not now dreaming? According to Descartes, our fundamental senses are not reliable enough to answer the question above and he is not able to find any key difference between the dreams and reality to distinguish them. However, Hobb…

Alzheimer`s disease

Let`s firstly begin by defining what is Alzheimer`s. Alzheimer`s is the most common driving factor of dementia, term used to describe general memory loss and behavioral disorders, all affecting the daily lives directly. The major portion of people aware of Alzheimer`s think that it is related to the aging process. Yes, it is more or less true; however, recent cases indicate us the fact that Alzheimer can occur in people under 65, too. Moreover, regardless of the age when a person begins suffering from Alzheimer`s, this disease is worsening remarkably as the years pass on; in other words, Alzheimer`s is continuously getting more unbearable. Although medical measures have been improved a lot in the last years, there is still not any medication curing Alzheimer`s fully. Doctors are only capable of making the disease lessen its intensity.

There are a variety of symptoms, such as memory loss, vision loss, difficulties while completing simple tasks, making decisions or remembering the place…

Ethnic discrimination in terms of human psychology

Unfortunately, people are often exposed to the ethnic discrimination. Specifically, Azerbaijan, my country, is full of people who group others based on their ethnicity and origin. There are respective stereotypes regarding each region: for instance, if someone is from region X, he or she tend to be jealous and mean. Today, I want to share my findings with you as a result of my investigations concerning the psychological causes of the given prejudicial thinking way.
In my opinion, the main offensive force leading people to unfairly group others on their ethnicity is the easiness of it. It is so difficult for humans to implement individualist approach, requiring demanding effort to know others personally, in their lives (Scientifically, humans generally choose the easier option even despite the fact that it results in destructive outcome).Instead, it is much easier for human beings to have certain prejudgments in order to spend less time and energy by not obsessing with their characters…

Herd Mentality

There are some social psychological implications that can happen to everyone, regardless of any other external factors. Undoubtedly, one of these is considered to be herd mentality. It clarifies the situation in which individuals are subject to peers` psychological force as a result of which all their actions, plans, or social norms change.Now, I am going to deepen this topic, explore its background and suggest my own views surrounding it.
Actually, you can see so many people who predominantly claim that they are not following the majority`s path, and, thus, they are independent thinkers. Nevertheless, in the modern world, one is not able to get rid of herd mentality; the point here is taking advantage of it. Buying latest IPhone, Black Friday madness, hanging out in Starbucks are all examples of herd mentality. By the some taken, the basic explanation of this term can be made like this: the state where people adopt similar or same behaviors of others in spite of losing their personal…

Punishment or rehabilitation: which is more effective technique psychologically?

It is inevitably true that our world has always been full of people committing criminal acts. Currently, there are two main approaches implemented toward these criminals; one is physical or mental punishment and the other is rehabilitation of them, which results in their integration to the society. As far as I know, both techniques are utilized by different systems and philosophical waves: for instance, Islamic juridical system largely focusses on the punishment, while Scandinavian and protestant systems view rehabilitation more advantageous method. In this article, I will draw attention to the psychological outcomes of both and, then, state my own opinion backed up by reliable assumptions and accepted theories of neuroscience.
Firstly, it should be clarified in what context the efficacy of punishment and rehabilitation are going to be disclosed. With that aim in mind, I want to give the purpose of prisons; in the widely accepted systems, prisons are used to reduce the probability of …